Available courses

India consumes an estimated 16.5 million tonnes, about 1.6 million truckfulls, of plastic annually, of this, 43% is plastic manufactured for single-use packaging material that will mostly find its way into garbage bins. In all, 80% of total plastic produced in India is discarded. At least 40% of the plastic waste generated every day-25,940 tonnes or about 2,594 truckloads, as per 2015 CPCB study for the year 2011-12--goes uncollected. Accurate data on plastic waste generation, collection and disposal are integral to how a country formulates its policy on waste management. India needs these figures even more since it has stated its resolve to phase out singleuse plastic at the 2019 United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) and banned the import of plastic waste into the country

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has been working on policy and advocacy for a sustainable plastic waste management. It recognizes the need to adopt resource-efficient waste management regimes, based on which it has conceptualized a 2-week online training programme on ‘Sustainable Plastic Waste Management . The objective of the programme is to provide a better understanding of the key aspects of plastic waste management in India and international case studies, legal aspect and alternatives to plastic. The course would help the participant to lead a plastic free life. Conscious purchase and consumption behavioral changes to strengthen and foster Circular Economy is the aim of the 19-hour training programme.

The mode of training would be online with a proper mix of interactive sessions with subject matter experts on plastic and sustainable plastic free living. The course provides a flexibility of on demand literature, virtual presentations and cases studies. Assessment exercises and group discussion on the modules is provided for self-assessment of the participants.


Waste management practitioners, officials from central and state urban departments and municipalities, urban and town planners, village panchayat officials and members, academicians, students, and NGO representatives.

For further details, please contact the Course Coordinator

Dinesh Raj Bandela
Deputy Programme Manager
Centre for Science and Environment
Email: dinesh.bandela@cseindia.org
Mobile: 8800721020

Ishani Sonak
Research Associate,
Centre for Science and Environment,
Email: ishani.sonak@cseindia.org,
Mobile: 9818884832

With rapid urbanisation, waste management is a massive concern in the country. CSE recognises that the key to efficient waste management is to ensure proper segregation of waste at source. Ideally, segregation must be performed before waste leaves the establishment that produces it, be it a home or an institution. Source segregation will greatly help in providing localized solutions, improving collection efficiency and maximizing resource recovery from waste. Hence, segregation at source is critical for SWM to succeed.

Segregation at source is critical for SWM to succeed. Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is offering a two-day online training programme on understanding the importance of waste segregation at source and how can we practise segregation at our homes. The training will provide the context for waste segregation in India, details on the current scenario of waste segregation; gaps and challenges on the implementation of waste segregation and finally highlights the legislative framework on the waste segregation in the country. The legislative framework would capture the significance of source segregation in solid waste management rules, 2016 and the bye laws structure provided at state and urban local bodies level. In addition, a one hour live demonstration and discussion on how to practise source segregation at home.

The course will be conducted online, where participants will be enrolled and provided reading / audio-visual training material which they are expected to self-study. The platform will also allow participants and trainers to hold discussion threads where necessary.

Course Highlights

  • Importance of waste segregation
  • Current status of segregation in India
  • Policies pertaining to segregation of waste
  • Case studies

Who Can Apply

  • Individual practitioners
  • Students or interested stakeholders
  • Urban local bodies, State Urban Department. 

 Source Segregation

Rapid urbanization and rising consumption of goods make waste management in India a massive challenge. Urban India produces about 56 million metric tonnes (MMT) of municipal solid waste every year, about 90 percent of which is collected and some 36 percent is ‘treated’ and another 33 percent is sent to landfills. Therefore, the need of the hour is to shift the focus towards source segregation, recycling and reuse. This will further strengthen and foster ‘Circular Economy’ by creating and optimizing resource ‘loops’ along value chains and will ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns into the existing waste management systems. 

The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has been working on policy and implementation with regard to municipal solid waste management at the regional, national and global levels. It recognizes the need to adopt resource-efficient waste management regimes, based on which it has conceptualized a 2-week online training programme on ‘Segregation and Composting for Sustainable Waste Management’

Objective: The objective of the programme is to provide a better understanding of the key aspects of management of municipal solid waste through source segregation, and composting of organic part of the waste including the feasibility of technologies involved in the treatment process; the current regulatory frameworks-national and global perspective; the best practices in the sector, and the role of various stakeholders involved in the process. 

The course will be conducted online, where participants can enroll. The course is structured keeping the time and ease of the participants in mind. The components provided in the course range from some online sessions and PPTs by the sector experts and professionals, recommended literature and case studies, audio-visual presentations, and some assessment exercises and group discussion. The course platform between participants and trainers will be held on a regular basis, to promote better knowledge sharing. 

Course Highlights:

  • Status of waste management in India
  • Major provisions of the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • Utilization of the concept of circular economy and resource efficiency
  • Developing model framework for segregation
  • Using information, education and communication for behavior change of various stakeholders
  • Composting practices and technologies in India
  • Effective segregation practice in India
  • National and international best practices


Waste management practitioners, officials from central and state urban departments and municipalities, urban and town planners, village panchayat officials and members, academicians, students, and NGO representatives.


India has a comprehensive system of regulations to protect its natural environment and the health of its people. From the enactment of Water Act in 1974, a number of laws and regulations have been put into force in this regard. However, the intended purposes of these laws are far from being fulfilled due to various reasons. One of the issues which sterns out is a holistic understanding of the different laws and how they should be looked into in a concerted manner for better environmental management.

Considering the need to fill the gaps, Centre for Science and Environment, which is known for its path breaking research and advocacy and well recognized for its leading edge in capacitating public institutions and regulatory agencies is rolling out a new training programme in its series of its capacity building programmes. The programme is a one week online training course on “Understanding Environmental law for improving environmental management”.

Programme Objective

This one week online course has been designed to capacitate the people working in the field of environment and the prospective environmentalist with an objective to develop a better understanding and knowledge of the laws and their interrelationship.  This course will also be beneficial for students as well who aspire to develop their carrier in environment field.

Mode of Training 

The online course will majorly be based on self study basis wherein recorded sessions from experts, presentations and reading material will be uploaded on the training platform for the participants to study. The training portal has a dedicated discussion forum where all the queries can be posted and answered by the experts. Additionally, live online sessions will be organized with experts for Q& A and further discussions. The course is designed in a manner to help the participants in attending this course along with their regular work and study the course material at their own convenience.

Learning from the programme

  • Better understanding of environmental governance structure of the country, major institution, and their implementation statistics.
  • Increased understanding of the obligations of industry and individuals under various environmental laws and regulations and how to meet these obligations.
  • Understanding the impacts of violations and noncompliance.
  • Role of National Green Tribunal (NGT), environmental courts and public interest litigation (PIL).
  • Understanding of international treaties and agreements Government of India subscribes to the impact of non-compliance with such agreements on business.
  • Understanding that environmental compliance is not a financial burden but a clear business opportunity.

Who can apply?

  • Industry professionals; Environment Consultants; Environment Engineers
  • Researchers and academicians
  • Students aspiring to work in environment field

For course fees and other queries, please contact:

Ishita Garg,
Training Coordinator
Industrial Air Pollution Team
Email: ishita.garg@cseindia.org

Course Date: September 17- 30, 2020
Last Date to Apply: September 1, 2020
Course Duration: Two weeks 20 Hours (10 hours per week) 

Installation of online real-time monitoring systems used for emission monitoring and effluent quality monitoring, in industries, were mandated by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in 17 categories of highly polluting industries (classified under highly polluting industries) and for common pollution treatment facilities. The purpose of mandating real-time monitoring is to strengthen the monitoring and compliance mechanism in the industries and also to promote the measurement of real-time data, which is to become the basis for regulators to check compliance by the industries in near future. In addition to this, these systems can also help industrial sectors/regulators in process optimization and taking timely corrective measures. Since real-time monitoring are complex and expensive technologies, there are significant challenges and risks associated with their implementation. Therefore, thorough knowledge and skills that are relevant to real-time monitoring regimes become crucial factors for industries, regulators and other stakeholders.

Furthermore, in order to ensure proper implementation, auditing of these real-time technologies is an essential factor in improving the systems already installed in the industries. So this programme will also lay focus on audit methodology, which ensures correct implementation of the real time monitoring of emissions and effluent in an industry, to check whether stated standards and other regulatory requirements are being followed, status of facility's compliance, certification, verification, accreditation of the system, technical acceptance through calibration, quality assurance, generating accurate, reliable and traceable data and other related aspects.

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) recognizes this need and announces an online course on “Understanding Real-time Monitoring for Industries  and its Audit Methodology”for environment professionals. The training methodology includes technical classes by experts, group exercises, presentation and study material.

This course will be conducted online through technological learning tools such as technical discussion with experts, recorded sessions from experts, presentations, videos and reading material. 


  • Introduction and objective of CEMS and CEQMS audit
  • PM CEMS Technologies and its assessment
  • Gaseous CEMS Technologies and its assessment
  • CEQMS Technologies and its assessment
  • Assessment of location of CEMS and CEQMS installation and related aspects
  • Operation, Maintenance and Calibration practices for PM, Gaseous CEMS and CEQMS
  • How to develop CEMS and CEQMS audit questionnaire
  • Data acquisition, handling, reporting and Data interpretation


Shreya Verma
Senior Research Associate
Industrial Pollution| Centre for Science and Environment
Mobile- +91-8882084294

Globally, one of the major functions of the regulatory authorities is that of environmental management. As part of the overall management plans, the authorities are required to formulate plans for prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution. To ensure better environmental management system implementation, it is imperative to have comprehensive database that indicates the status of environmental quality. Collection of such database requires a good monitoring network comprising of well-established infrastructure, comprehensive protocol of monitoring, and skilled manpower to oversee and ensure the reliability of data. However, such ideal monitoring networks have significant cost implications, require skilled manpower, are resource and time intensive, and have limitations in terms of the functions of the responsible organization/agency. Therefore, it is the need of the hour to streamline the environmental quality monitoring (EQM) process by using more contemporary and alternative technologies that are able to reliably cater and fulfill the needs and demands of the current monitoring regime without compromising significantly on the quality of the data.

Instruments based on sensor technology that are designed in a way that makes them self-monitoring, analyzing and reporting or SMART–have proved to be one such promising alternative for developing countries in the Global South region. In addition to being smart, these instruments are also portable and come at a cost that is much lesser than that of the regulatory grade monitoring instruments.

Even though the technology is at a nascent stage, the recent advancements in this technology have helped it to leapfrog into the new age instruments and find its application in a host of areas including EQM.

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) recognizes this need to fill in the gaps of the conventional method of monitoring, and offers a two-week online training programme on understanding the various facets of Environmental Quality Monitoring using sensor-based technology and its various applications. The objective of the programme is to build the capacity of the participants in the field of air and water quality monitoring at a global level.


The sessions will be covering the following facet of the sensorbased technology

• Policies pertaining to monitoring

• Concept of SMART monitoring using sensor-based instruments

• Citizen monitoring

• Case studies

• Knowledge and experiencing sharing through discussion

For further details, please contact the Course Coordinator

Digvijay Singh Bisht, Centre for Science and Environment
Email: digvijay@cseindia.org 
Mobile: 9891921959

air quality

Rapid population growth, urbanization and industrialization in recent decades has made the air pollution globally recognized as a serious problem with its short and long term impacts on environment and human health. The rate at which urban air pollution has grown across the developing countries especially Asian and African countries is alarming. A vast majority of cities are caught in the toxic web as air quality fails to meet the standards. The cities are reeling under severe particulate pollution while newer pollutants like oxides of nitrogen and air toxics have begun to add to the public health challenge.

The major factors contributing to the air pollution includes vehicular exhaust, construction work, waste burning and industrial activities. Industrial sector is one of the most dynamic sectors and plays an essential role in economic development. However, with its development, it is also a crucial and prominent contributor to the overall air pollution of the area. Therefore, conducting source apportionment study focusing on different sources of pollution and preparing separate mitigation plans for each source has become the need of the hour. This practice will prove beneficial in reducing the overall air pollution load significantly.

Keeping this in view, CSE which is known for its path breaking research and advocacy and well recognized for its leading edge in capacitating public institutions and regulatory agencies is rolling out a new training programme in its series of its capacity building programmes. The programme is a two-week online course on “How to develop an air quality management plan for Industrial areas” focusing majorly on industrial pollution and strategies to mitigate the air pollution through effective management plans.

To capacitate the regulators and relevant stakeholders and strengthen the policy implementation on the ground

Programme Design
An effective approach for air quality management in polluted areas involves (i) identification of emission sources; (ii) assessment of extent of contribution of these sources on ambient environment; (iii) prioritizing the sources that need to be tackled; (iv) evaluate various options for controlling the sources with regard to feasibility and economic viability; and (v) formulation and implementation of appropriate action plans. In order to achieve these steps, a preliminary knowledge and understanding of the air pollution and air quality management is a necessity.

With this aim, the programme has been designed in two levels: Level I (online) and Level II (off-site at CSE’s training centre). Level I intend to provide an overall understanding of the topic and set up the platform for the level II programme.

Learning from the programme

  • Need for air quality management
  • Current global scenarios
  • Basics of air quality monitoring
  • Parameters for air quality management
  • Principles of Air Pollution Control Devices (APCD)
  • Policy adaption in different countries


Continuous Emission Monitoring System (CEMS) and Continuous Effluent Quality Monitoring System (CEQMS) are mandatory for plants in 17 industrial sectors (classified under highly polluting industries) and for common pollution treatment facilities. In near future, the real time data will become the basis for regulators to check compliance. It can also help industrial sectors/regulators in process optimization and taking timely corrective measures. 

Since CEMS and CEQMS are complex and expensive technologies, there are significant challenges and risks associated with its implementation. The challenges include correct technology selection, installation, operation & maintenance and data handling. Data interpretation plays an important role in identifying issues related to data integrity. Therefore, thorough knowledge and skills that are relevant to CEMS regime becomes a crucial factor for industries, regulators and other stakeholders. 

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) recognizes this need and announces a two-week online course on CEMS, CEQMS and Data interpretation for environment professionals. The course has been has been designed in two levels: Level I (online) and Level II (off-site at CSE's training centre). Level I intend to provide an overall understanding of the topic and set up the platform for the level II programme.

The course will be conducted through technological learning tools such as presentations, videos, interview with experts, and other audio and reading material. 

The training programme was designed to develop the knowledge base and skills of environmental professionals on following aspects of continuous emission monitoring system (CEMS):

  • Basic understanding of” Real time monitoring/ or continuous emission monitoring system” and its importance.
  • Status of CEMS implementation and challenges in implementation
  • Technical knowledge on suitable device selection.
  • Technical knowledge on correct installation of CEMS and CEQMS.


  • Introduction to CEMS and CEQMS.
  • Pollution monitoring regulations in India.
  • PM CEMS Technologies and its assessment.
  • Gaseous CEMS Technologies and its assessment.
  • CEQMS Technologies and its assessment.
  • Correct installation of CEMS and CEQMS.


Water Audit

Increasing industrial production especially in water intensive industries (like thermal power plants, pulp & paper, textiles, fertilisers, etc.) is already putting pressure on the limited freshwater resources in India and worldwide. This coupled with increased water demand from other sectors like infrastructure development, agriculture, domestic, etc. is leading to major conflicts over water availability. Water sourcing and managing wastewater is becoming increasingly difficult & expensive and hence is an important aspect for sustainability for any industry. Industries which are heavily dependent on water for their production have to cut down on their production at times due to scarcity of water mainly during summer season. Such scenarios have become more frequent in the past few years due to increasing water stress. Therefore, it is very critical that industries use water judiciously and reduce its water footprint as much as possible in order to be sustainable in future.

Conducting periodic water audits can serve as an effective approach for reducing water consumption through water use optimisation, improving water accounting system, identifying water losses and opportunities for water savings, possibilities of effluent recycling and reuse and adopting best practices. Also, substantial costs which are associated with water & wastewater management like water sourcing, cost of pumping (energy), cost of water treatment (chemicals), cost of effluent treatment & disposal, etc. can be effectively reduced through water audits.

Understanding the relevance of the subject, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has developed a two week online course with the aim of providing a wider understanding on the above aspects of water audit, wastewater management and recycling.

The course will be conducted online through technological learning tools such as presentations, videos, discussion with experts and other audio and reading material.

Industry professionals, environmental consultants, environment regulators, environmental laboratories, academic institutions and other interested participants.


  • Water audit – Introduction, Scope and Methodology
  • Preparing industry specific water audit questionnaire
  • Water audit instrumentation, metering and accounting
  • Preparing water circuit diagram and water balance with industry-specific case studies
  • Specific water consumption & benchmarking
  • Understanding water utilities basics - pumps and cooling towers
  • Advanced water & wastewater treatment technologies
  • Industry specific case studies on opportunities identified for water savings through water audits;
  • Water and wastewater costing and cost benefit analysis of water saving schemes
  • Case studies/Exercises/Tests

For registration click here


Sugandha Arora
Programme Officer
Industrial Pollution Unit | Centre for Science & Environment
Email: sugandha.arora@cseindia.org
Mobile: +91-9953588873

Date July 16 –17, 2020
Last Date to Apply 10th July 2020
Course Duration 4 Hours 

Increasing demand and consumption of natural resources is contributing to higher emissions and climate risks in developing countries. There is high water stress, pollution, inadequate and inefficient infrastructure and heavy reliance on non-replenishable energy resources. This plunge necessitates a switch to smart and environmental friendly practices at micro and macro level. Educational campuses have enormous potential to promote environmentally responsible practices and behaviour, experiment with innovative solutions, combine learning and practical application, and cultivate a culture full of values.

CSE is working with a network of committed colleges/universities across India and helping them to establish, practice and report environmental sustainability as part of their campus management and empowers them for mandatory/voluntary compliances, as well enables them to secure financial support from internal and external funding for implementations. CSE's Green Campus Initiative (GCI) has been enabling regulators, architects, engineers, planners, academia and civil society to shape efficient use of water-energy-land, minimize wastage, improve livability and promote a healthy lifestyle in their respective campuses.

The key objective of the training programme is to upscale the knowledge among the target group in addressing environmental sustainability, establishing and monitoring performance baseline and reporting the sustainable practices at campus level. The training programme has been designed at two Levels: Level-1 (4hrs) and Level-2 (15 hrs). Both levels of training programme will include technical sessions, experiential learning using detailed case studies and hands-on exercises followed with tests and assignments.

LEVEL-1: The Level-1 training programme is designed for 4 hrs duration, which will capture the principle of green and sustainable educational campus. A brief session will be conducted to make fraternity acquainted with the process of joining ªCSE's Green Campus Initiative Networkº. A participation certificate will be issued on successful completion of small MCQ Test. The score criteria set at 75% marks for the issuance of training certificate.

LEVEL-2: On successful completion of Level-1 training programme on the proposed dates, Level-2 training programme will be conducted. The Level-2 training programme is the advanced version of Level-1 training programme, which shall include detailed description of calculation methodology with multiple case studies of relevant significance. The Level-2 training programme dates and mode of delivery will be communicated later based on receiving the participant interest at Level-1 training programme.


  • Sustainability Guidelines and Indicators of Green/Sustainable Campus
  • Establishment of Performance Baseline across five themes of sustainability
  • Risk Assessment of Campuses
  • Sustainability Data Reporting Analytics of educational Campuses
  • Green Campus Case Studies

For queries get in touch with Course Coordinator

Ms. Sonia Rani
Programme Manager

In 2010, the UN General Assembly recognized access to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right, and called for International efforts to help countries to provide safe, clean, accessible and affordable drinking water and sanitation. In this endeavor key global organizations have developed guidelines and tools that provide a comprehensive framework for protecting and assess public health risks from unsafe sanitation management in poor urban neighbourhoods.

Exposure assessments serving as a valuable tool by systematically identifying gaps in sanitation services that result in faecal contamination of the environment and pose a hazard to the population. Exposure to WASH-related pathogens can occur along multiple exposure pathways, such as drinking water, bathing water, surface waters, ocean water, open drains, flood water, raw produce, street food, and public latrines. One such tool is SaniPath Exposure Assessment Tool, developed by the Center for Global Safe Water at Emory University, USA. The tool aims to assess exposure to faecal contamination along multiple exposure pathways in urban, low-income settings. The tool guides users in collecting information on: a) where in the environment there is contamination as well as the magnitude of contamination, and b) how people come into contact with contamination in the environment. The Tool includes a cloud-based platform to manage and monitor data collection in real-time and automatically conducts exposure analysis and synthesizes these data for community, government, and service providers’ decision-making.

Results from the Tool can help identify relevant dominant pathway(s) that contribute most to a population’s total exposure. The outputs serve as a simplified, yet informative, means of identifying priorities for sanitation investments or interventions. Till date, the SaniPath Tool has been used in 10 cities around the world. The Tool is open source and publicly available, and it is intended for municipal governments, water and sanitation utilities, development banks, non-governmental organizations, or other groups working in sanitation at a local level.

Keeping in view the need for safe sanitation to all, School of Water & Waste (AAETI), Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), India in partnership with Emory University, USA is organizing a online training programme on “The SaniPath Tool: Assessing Exposure to Fecal Contamination in Urban Settings” for South Asian practitioners.

The aim of this training is to provide the necessary knowledge and practice of SaniPath Tool methods for participants to confidently train others and manage a deployment of the SaniPath Tool. 

To provide detailed guidance on all aspects of conducting a SaniPath exposure assessment. 

Learning Outcomes of the Training

At the end of the SaniPath Training course, participants can expect to learn following:

·         Participants will understand the capacity and resources needed to conduct a SaniPath assessment in their local context.

·         Participants will be able to set up and train a team of staff to conduct a full deployment of the SaniPath Tool using primary data collection methods.

·         Participants will be able to interpret data outputs of the SaniPath Tool, including identifying dominant pathways of exposure and understanding the contribution of behavior and environmental contamination to exposure from different pathways

·         Participants will understand how data outputs from the SaniPath Tool can be used to inform programming and advocate for action from relevant stakeholders.

The modules covered during the training are as follows:

·         Module 1: SaniPath Overview

·         Module 2: Primary Data Collection

·         Module 3: Laboratory Analysis

·         Module 4: Interpreting Results

·         Module 5: Evidence to Action

·         Module 6: Project Management

Programme Design
Virtual sessions to be held on 17, 19, 21, 24, 26, 28 August between 17:30-20:30  IST
The online training programme is based on state-of-art teaching – learning tools consisting of pre-session readings, videos, PowerPoint presentations, interactive discussion of concepts, group work sessions to practice data collection methods, and quizzes to assess comprehension of material. 

Sessions will be held over a 2-week period with 3 days of virtual interactive training held each week (~3 hours each) and individual learning and assignments on remaining days. 

Target Group
Team Leads and Project Managers from the WASH, Environmental Health, Sanitation Planning, and Community Health sectors, Laboratory supervisors and technicians working in Environmental Microbiology, Municipal Water or Wastewater Management, and Sanitation.

Cities in India and South Asia are spiralling. Our climate is changing, making cities more prone to extreme rain events and floods while water scarcity and pollution continue to grow. Water problems jeopardise the survival of millions of people globally. Recent water crises in states of India - Chennai, Bihar and Assam over last summer have been devastating. Ground water, lakes and rivers in India are exhaustively overdrawn (a CSE study showing ground water sources 48% of urban water supply in India), yet no city in the country has adequate water supply. Fresh water sources are reducing due to rapid urban expansion. Cities encroach and pollute them as wastewater is disposed into water bodies untreated. Central Pollution Control Board indicates that 43,117 MLD (million litres per day) of untreated sewage flows into rivers across India. Additionally, 351 river stretches across the country are polluted due to discharge of both municipal and industrial waste water over the years (CPCB, 2018).

Presently, as we confront the new global enemy novel ‘coronavirus disease’ (COVID-19), the availability of water will be a crucial determinant for a successful outcome in this war. It is estimated that family of five would need around 100 to 200 litres of water per day only to wash hands. The current urban water management paradigm has its difficulties – it is energy and capital intensive, has legal and institutional gaps, creates and maintains wealth inequality and disregards our natural environment. It prioritises access for a select population and excludes the remaining. Research indicates that the urban poor around the world pay up to 50 times more for one litre of water than their better off neighbours, as they buy their water from private sellers (UN Water). Yet, our problems and solutions both usually involve big, technological fixes with little consideration of increasing vulnerability of the urban poor and national ecosystems.

Realizing the current water scenario and demand for this knowledge, the School of Water and Waste, AAETI, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is organizing an online course on “Water Woes: Understanding Urban Water Management” as part of a series of successful online programs that CSE has conducted since 2016. The course will provide a holistic perspective on today’s water scenario and emphasize the need to move towards a water secure future. It will help practitioners and decision makers with various other commitments to improve their subject-knowledge online in their own time, using a highly supportive and interactive learning platform. 


To help students, working professionals and environmental enthusiasts learn state-of-art concepts and principles of improved urban water management at their own comfort and pace. 


  • Identify gaps in the legal aspects of water provision access and governance.
  • Recognize the various external and internal stresses and shocks to water bodies in a city
  • Indicate the current problems with physical water infrastructure
  • Illustrate the increasing scope of a decentralised approach to wastewater management
  • Demonstrate inequity in access and pricing of water in a city and associated ripple effects among the urban poor
  • Suggest scope for interventions based on different problem scenarios and contexts.
  • Identify tools and approaches for urban water management 


Theme 1: Water and Development – What Works and What doesn’t

Theme 2: Making Water Everybody’s Business

Theme 3: Learning from Nature – The Dying Wisdom

Theme 4: Tools and Approaches to operationalize interventions 

Course Work

The course comprises of self-study, technological learning tools such as presentations, videos featuring case studies from various countries, interviews with experts, inspirational talks, and other audio material. It will facilitate interaction amongst participants through online forums and discussions. Also, it will be interactive with several interesting assessment exercises and quizzes. Participants will also get a chance to interact and learn from experts at CSE through online interactions and a webinar. 

According to United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organisation (WHO) report 2019, around 2.2 billion people around the world do not have access to safely-managed drinking water and 4.2 billion lack safe sanitation services. Approximate, 2.7 billion people around the urban world use on-site sanitation technologies that need faecal sludge and septage management services (Strande et al., 2014). The highest numbers are in Eastern Asia with 1.1 billion people, Southern Asia with 593 million people, and Sub-Saharan Africa with 439 million. These are households and communities using latrines without access to or unable to afford conventional sewerage system or faecal sludge management services.

World Bank in their brief on WASH (Water, sanitation & hygiene) and COVID-19 highlight that, “Safely managed water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services are an essential part of preventing and protecting human health during infectious disease outbreaks, including the current COVID-19 pandemic. One of the most cost-effective strategies for increasing pandemic preparedness, especially in resource-constrained settings, is investing in core public health infrastructure, including water and sanitation systems.”

The current novel corona virus (COVID 19) outbreak, rapid urbanisation, lack of sanitation planning and infrastructure in developing countries like Asia, Africa and Latin America etc., has reignited the need for global action to ensure access to safe water & sanitation for all, as a human right and as a critical element to protect human health. In this endeavour, the School of Water and Waste, AAETI, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), is organizing the online training on ‘City-wide sanitation planning’.

City-wide sanitation planning training provides you with an introduction to integrated sanitation planning approaches. Participants of this training will become familiar with different sanitation planning frameworks as well as different systems and technologies relevant along the sanitation value chain. You will learn why systems’ thinking is crucial for urban environmental sanitation, and how to apply key terminology and important concepts.

To enable practitioners to gain basic skills and knowledge about City-wide Sanitation Planning

Learning objectives:

  • To understand the relevance and current scenario of the City-wide sanitation planning in developing countries
  • To understand the role of policies and legal/institutional framework in Urban Sanitation Planning 
  • Recognise the importance of web-based portal Sani-Kit to prepare a high quality, city owned CSP
  • To demonstrate relevance of stakeholder mapping in sanitation planning
  • To identify various Urban Sanitation Solutions through case studies and best management practices

Theme 1: Issue and challenges related to clean water, solid waste, drainage, sewage (including septage) in achieving City-Wide Sanitation
Theme 2: Understand the role of Policies and legal/institutional framework in Sanitation planning
Theme 3: Introduction to web-based tool SANI-KIT for understanding and implementing city-wide sanitation planning
Theme 4: Best management practice and case studies relevant to city-wide sanitation planning

Training Design
Participants will complete the training in a period of about four weeks with a workload of 24 hours. Participant is expected to spend about 6 hours per week on reading, discussion, interaction and assignments. The training is sub-divided into 4 modules and a written assignment. Participants will get to use CSE’s the web-based toolkit portal – Sani-Kit which provides tools for each stage of planning, preparing and implementing CSPs

The training comprises of self-study, technological learning tools such as presentations, videos featuring case studies from various countries and other audio material. It will facilitate interaction amongst participants through online forums and discussions. It will be interactive with several interesting assessment exercises and quizzes. Participants will also get a chance to interact and learn from experts at CSE and abroad through online interactions and webinar. The webinars are mandatory to attend for all the participants and will add up to 5 marks to the overall final scores of the training.


Understanding the need to build capacity of stakeholders for creating a sustainable and livable society, the School of Water and Waste, AAETI, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) in collaboration with South Asia Urban Water (SAUW) of Asian Development Bank is organizing an online training programme on “Capacity building and knowledge support for Preparation of Water and Sanitation Safety Plans (WSSPs)” for stakeholders of West Bengal.

ADB’s South Asia Urban Water (SAUW) division is currently supporting the Government of West Bengal through the West Bengal Drinking Water Sector Improvement Project (WBDWSIP), to provide safe, reliable and continuous drinking water to about 2.6 million people in selected arsenic, fluoride, and salinity affected districts of West Bengal. The WBDWSIP will supply continuous potable drinking water to 66 Gram Panchayats (GPs). The GPs covered under the project are now being supported by ADB, through engagement of 3 non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other consultants, and also in partnership with World Health Organisation (WHO) to develop three sample GP-level Water and Sanitation Safety Plans (WSSPs). WSSPs are considered international best practice for assessing and managing public health risks from drinking water supplies and sanitation systems. These concerns are most important when dealing with widespread contagion like the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. 

CSE’s School of Water & Waste will train the relevant stakeholders mainly the concerned people from the 3 NGOs, consulting firms, project management unit, project implementation units, and GP representatives on already established WHO recommended approach, methodology and steps on developing WSSPs for their particular selected GP.

The training would highlight the importance of managing and investing in improvement on water and sanitation systems based on adequate understanding of the actual health risks. The training programme aims to develop the capacities of the participants in preparing a draft WSSP for their GP at the end of the training period.

Learning Outcomes

  • Gain understanding about the concept of and need for Water and Sanitation Safety Planning (WSSP)
  • Understand how to arrive at/narrow down to WSSP objectives, how to prioritise them and set the scope, boundary, and team for an WSSP
  • Demonstrate the need for an inclusive stakeholder engagement from the initial stages of an WSSP for a better outcome
  • Capacity to develop a framework of potential hazards and prioritise hazardous events in a sanitation system.
  • Enhanced skills to develop an independent criteria for a robust operational and verification monitoring plan.
  • Acquired capability to review and update WSSP outputs with effect to changes occurring in the internal and external environment. 

Programme Design

The online training programme is based on state-of-art teaching – learning tools consisting of pre-session readings, videos, PowerPoint presentations, interactive discussion of concepts, group work sessions to practice data collection methods, and quizzes to assess comprehension of material. 

The training is divided into two parts:

Part A (9 hours): Online training engagement with essential and recommended reading materials and video documentaries. It is expected that the participants will take about 9 hours to complete it at their own ease and comfort.

Part B (21 hours): Weekly virtual sessions with group exercises and home tasks to be conducted for 10 weeks. This will involve the exposure to various steps involved in making a WSSP.

Visit the previous training programmes conducted by SWW on the related topic:

SFD is emerging as a popular tool to help cities do better sanitation planning and also monitor progress with respect to sanitation. Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), under the aegis of School of Water and Waste is organizing a three-day online Training on “Preparation of Shit Flow Diagram (SFD)” for the participants who have attended the basic online course on Shit Flow Diagram.

This will be a hands-on training where participants will go through each step of developing an SFD. Selection of participants would be based on their proposed action plan. For further details on SFD promotion initiative, please visit - https://www.cseindia.org/page/SFD-promotion-initiative and http://www.sfd.susana.org/


To develop the skills of practitioners on collecting and analysing data and using graphic generator to produce ShitFlow Diagram along with a report for advocacy to achieve improved urban sanitation programming at city-wide scale.

Learning Outcomes

  • Understand the process of developing SFDs
  • Follow the methodology used for data collection and analyses
  • Understand how to use the graphic generator
  • Get acquainted with types of reports and report writing technique
  • Prepare SFD for target towns and cities

Will construction of toilets in numbers end our quest for sanitation utopia? Certainly not. Countries will now have to wake up to fresh challenges of disposal of the massive quantities of solid and liquid waste generated by the new toilets we have built. 

How do we prevent this waste from turning into an unmanageable health hazard by seeping into our groundwater and water bodies like lakes and rivers. These challenges are intensified in rural areas, where on-site containment is the only solution. Out-of-the-box thinking on safe containment and management is needed in such areas. 

The recent Joint Monitoring Progress report flags issues of safely managed sanitation services. The report stresses the need for hygienic toilets and safe management of excreta at each step of the sanitation trajectory—from containment and emptying to conveyance, treatment and, most importantly, reuse. 


Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is organizing a training programme to educate participants on the key topics of faecal sludge management in rural areas. The course comprises of self-study, learning tools such as presentations, audios and videos, featuring case studies. Wherever required, the training will provide online forums for discussion. Quizzes and assignments will be part of this programme. The course will facilitate online interaction of participants with experts. A webinar will also be organized to discuss the subject threadbare. 


  1. Knowledge of safe, adaptable and sustainable technologies for managing toilet waste
  2. Understanding of decentralized technologies to manage grey and black water
  3. Training on how to reuse wastewater and faecal sludge
  4. Guidance on the use of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) material effectively for safe disposal and reuse of faecal sludge
  5. Connecting water to toilets—how to make usage of toilets sustainable 

Course coordinator

Sushmita Sengupta
Programme Manager, Rural Water–Waste Programme
Email: sushmita@cseindia.org
Mobile: +91-9958396440
Whats App: +91-9899928837